About Hernia

When a part of an organ (duodenum) or a structure or a tissue protrudes out or protrudes into another organ by rupturing through the membrane or the muscular tissue which envelops it, the condition is termed as hernia.

Hernia consists of three sections: the hernial sac, the contents inside the hernial sac and the herniating orifice or opening of a cavity.

Causes of hernia

Those who cough violently and suffer from chronic coughs caused by smoking excessively, those who put excessive pressure on their abdomen by lifting heavy objects or straining to pass stool or by standing for too long, those who have a family history of hernia, those infants who are born with the umbilical hernial condition, black infants, women who have experienced multiple pregnancies and those who generally have a weakened abdominal muscle/wall or are moderately or excessively obese are at increased risk of developing hernia.

Sportspersons are at increased risk of contracting hernia and they experience chronic groin pain. Hernia is mostly repaired through surgery like Herniorrhaphy, Hernioplasty and laparoscopic Hernioplasty.

Types of hernia

You can classify hernia on the basis of anatomical location such as intracranial hernia, nucleus pulposus hernia of the intervertebral discs, pelvic hernia/obturator hernia, diaphragmatic hernia, abdominal hernia, Hiatal hernia, umbilical hernia, inguinal hernia, incisional hernia, femoral hernia, double hernia, spinal disc herniation, velpeau hernia, sports hernia, spigelian hernia, sciatic hernia, sliding hernia, Richter’s hernia, properitoneal hernia, perineal hernia, pantaloon hernia, Grynfeltt’s hernia, Petit’s hernia, lumbar hernia, littre’s hernia, epigastric hernia, cooper’s hernia, brain hernia etc.

Pregnant or obese women, infant boys of African descent and other such are more susceptible to umbilical hernia. Inguinal hernias are the most common accounting for ¾ of all types of abdominal hernias. Both the abovementioned types of hernia affect men and women, though men are more at risk.