Hernia Diagnosis

It is easy to diagnose hernia. Often there is no need to conduct any test to diagnose a hernia condition. The doctor can make out the hernia or feel it by a simple touch through his index finger in the afflicted region of the lower scrotum.

Inguinal Hernia Diagnosis

In case of inguinal hernia, often the doctor won’t conduct any specific test as such. He will just make the patient go through a physical examination where he will ask his patient to strain himself and put pressure on his abdomen or cough violently. Because of this extra pressure, the hernia will protrude out through the skin and become obvious and can often be made out with the eyes.

Hiatal hernia diagnosis

Hiatal hernia however isn’t that easy to diagnose. For this the doctor has to take the help of specific tests to pinpoint the exact condition and to avoid misdiagnosis. It is very easy to get confused between GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disease and Hiatal hernia because the symptoms and signs are more or less similar namely chest pain, heartburn, a feeling of warmth and a burning sensation after meals.

That is why upper gastrointestinal series of tests have to be conducted where the patient has to swallow a chalky liquid made of barium and water. As the drink passes down the esophagus into the duodenum or first section of the small intestine, the X ray will chart out the digestive system.

The X ray will reveal the Hiatal hernia as a swelling that has protruded inside the diaphragm into the chest cavity. Another test is called upper gastrointestinal endoscopy through which the doctor will have a look at the duodenum, stomach and esophagus interior lining.

This endoscopy test actually allows doctors to look into the physical condition of the Hiatal hernia as it involves the insertion of a small tube through the mouth which will pass down through the esophagus into the stomach.